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Verification and validation of linear gyrokinetic simulation of Alfvén eigenmodes in the DIII-D tokamak

  • Author(s): Spong, DA
  • Bass, EM
  • Deng, W
  • Heidbrink, WW
  • Lin, Z
  • Tobias, B
  • Van Zeeland, MA
  • Austin, ME
  • Domier, CW
  • Luhmann, NC
  • et al.

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

A verification and validation study is carried out for a sequence of reversed shear Alfvén instability time slices. The mode frequency increases in time as the minimum (q min) in the safety factor profile decreases. Profiles and equilibria are based upon reconstructions of DIII-D discharge (#142111) in which many such frequency up-sweeping modes were observed. Calculations of the frequency and mode structure evolution from two gyrokinetic codes, GTC and GYRO, and a gyro-Landau fluid code TAEFL are compared. The experimental mode structure of the instability was measured using time-resolved two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging. The three models reproduce the frequency upsweep event within ±10 of each other, and the average of the code predictions is within ±8 of the measurements; growth rates are predicted that are consistent with the observed spectral line widths. The mode structures qualitatively agree with respect to radial location and width, dominant poloidal mode number, ballooning structure, and the up-down asymmetry, with some remaining differences in the details. Such similarities and differences between the predictions of the different models and the experimental results are a valuable part of the verification/validation process and help to guide future development of the modeling efforts. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.

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