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Meniscal Root Tears and Extrusion Are Significantly Associated with the Development of Accelerated Knee Osteoarthritis: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

  • Author(s): Foreman, Sarah C
  • Liu, Yao
  • Nevitt, Michael C
  • Neumann, Jan
  • Joseph, Gabby B
  • Lane, Nancy E
  • McCulloch, Charles E
  • Link, Thomas M
  • et al.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To identify joint structural risk factors, measured using quantitative compositional and semiquantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scoring, associated with the development of accelerated knee osteoarthritis (AKOA) compared with a more normal rate of knee osteoarthritis (OA) development. DESIGN:From the Osteoarthritis Initiative we selected knees with no radiographic OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade [KL] 0/1) that developed advanced-stage OA (KL 3/4; AKOA) within a 4-year timeframe and a comparison group with a more normal rate of OA development (KL 0/1 to KL 2 in 4 years). MRIs at the beginning of the 4-year timeframe were assessed for cartilage T2 values and structural abnormalities using a modified Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS). Associations of MRI findings with AKOA versus normal OA were assessed using multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS:A total of 106 AKOA and 168 subjects with normal OA development were included. Mean cartilage T2 values were not significantly associated with AKOA (odds ratio [OR] 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.82-1.36). Risk factors for AKOA development included higher meniscus maximum scores (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.11-1.68), presence of meniscal extrusion (OR 6.30; 95% CI 2.57-15.49), presence of root tears (OR 4.64; 95% CI 1.61-13.34), and higher medial tibia cartilage lesion scores (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.19-3.24). CONCLUSIONS:We identified meniscal damage, especially meniscal extrusion and meniscal root tears as risk factors for AKOA development. These findings contribute to identifying subjects at risk of AKOA at an early stage when preventative measures targeting modifiable risk factors such as meniscal repair surgery could still be effective.

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