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Structural signatures for passenger vehicle classification in video

  • Author(s): Thakoor, NS
  • Bhanu, B
  • et al.

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This paper focuses on a challenging pattern recognition problem of significant industrial impact, i.e., classifying vehicles from their rear videos as observed by a camera mounted on top of a highway with vehicles traveling at high speed. To solve this problem, this paper presents a novel feature called structural signature. From a rear-view video, a structural signature recovers the vehicle side profile information, which is crucial in its classification. As a vehicle moves away from a camera, its surfaces deform differently based on their relative orientation to the camera. This information is used to extract the structure of a vehicle, which captures the relative orientation of vehicle surfaces and the road surface. This paper presents a complete system that computes structural signatures and uses them for classification of passenger vehicles into sedans, pickups, and minivans/sport utility vehicles in highway videos. It analyzes the performance of the proposed system on a large video data set. © 2013 IEEE.

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