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Periodontitis and oral human papillomavirus infection among Hispanic adults.

  • Author(s): Ortiz, Ana Patricia;
  • González, Daisy;
  • Vivaldi-Oliver, José;
  • Castañeda, Maira;
  • Rivera, Vivian;
  • Díaz, Elba;
  • Centeno, Hilmaris;
  • Muñoz, Cristina;
  • Palefsky, Joel;
  • Joshipura, Kaumudi;
  • Pérez, Cynthia M
  • et al.
Abstract

Introduction

Research on the association between periodontitis and oral human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is inconsistent. The cross-sectional association of severe periodontitis with oral HPV infection was investigated in a sample of Hispanic adults.

Methods

Data from the 2014-2016 San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (n = 740) was analyzed. Periodontitis assessment and self-collection of oral HPV samples followed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology. Periodontitis was defined using the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention/American Academy of Periodontology definition. HPV typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results

5.7% of participants had oral HPV infection and 20.3% had severe periodontitis. Adults with severe periodontitis had higher odds of oral HPV infection than those with none/mild disease (OR=2.9, 95% CI: 1.0-8.4, p < 0.05) in multivariable analysis. Adults with clinical attachment loss≥ 7 mm and pocket depth PD≥ 6 mm had 2- to 3-fold higher odds of HPV infection.

Conclusions

Severe periodontitis was positively associated to oral HPV infection. Longitudinal evaluation of periodontal inflammation's role in acquisition and persistence of oral HPV infection is needed, as periodontitis screening could identify individuals at increased risk of HPV-related oral malignancies.

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