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Cooperative Binding of Stromal Interaction Molecule 1 (STIM1) to the N and C Termini of Calcium Release-activated Calcium Modulator 1 (Orai1)*


Calcium flux through store-operated calcium entry is a central regulator of intracellular calcium signaling. The two key components of the store-operated calcium release-activated calcium channel are the Ca(2+)-sensing protein stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and the channel pore-forming protein Orai1. During store-operated calcium entry activation, calcium depletion from the endoplasmic reticulum triggers a series of conformational changes in STIM1 that unmask a minimal Orai1-activating domain (CRAC activation region (CAD)). To gate Orai1 channels, the exposed STIM1-activating domain binds to two sites in Orai1, one in the N terminus and one in the C terminus. Whether the two sites operate as distinct binding domains or cooperate in CAD binding is unknown. In this study, we show that the N and C-terminal domains of Orai1 synergistically contribute to the interaction with STIM1 and couple STIM1 binding with channel gating and modulation of ion selectivity.

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