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Rapid sequential development and rupture of mycotic aneurysms within a period of days in a patient with graft-versus-host disease and angiotropic Scedosporium apiospermum infection
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.25259/sni_970_2021
BackgroundFungal origin mycotic aneurysms are rare and carry a high mortality rate. Scedosporium apiospermum is an ubiquitous fungus which has been described to cause devastating infections in immunocompromised hosts.
Case descriptionWe report a case of a 23-year-old patient with Burkitt's lymphoma and graft-versus-host disease admitted with intracerebral hemorrhage and sequential development of 12 anterior circulation aneurysms from disseminated Scedosporium infection. Despite aggressive surgical and antimicrobial treatment, the patient died 6 months later from multiorgan failure. The notable feature of this case is the rapid angioinvasiveness of the infection with new aneurysm formation within days of clear angiographic imaging despite the apparent lack of skull base osteomyelitis.
ConclusionWe highlight the difficulties in treating fungal mycotic aneurysms and the associated high mortality. While a less aggressive approach might have been appropriate given the known poor outcomes, the age of the patients as well as the family wishes dictated the treatment decisions.
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