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A proximity labeling method for protein–protein interactions on cell membrane


Antibodies targeting specific antigens are widely utilized in biological research to investigate protein interactions or to quantify target antigens. Here, we introduce antigen-antibody proximity labeling (AAPL), a novel method to map the antigen interaction sites as well as interactors of antibody-targeted proteins. As a proof of concept, AAPL was demonstrated using sodium/potassium transporting ATPase (ATP1A1) and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2)-specific antibodies that were modified with an Fe(iii) catalytic probe. Once bound to their target proteins, Fe(iii)-induced catalytic oxidation occurred in proximity of the antigen's epitope. Oxidative proteomic analysis was then used to determine the degree of oxidation, the site of oxidation within the targeted antigen, and the interacting proteins that were in close proximity to the targeted antigen. An AAPL score was generated for each protein yielding the specificity of the oxidation and proximity of the interacting protein to the target antigen. As a final demonstration of its utility, the AAPL approach was applied to map the interactors of liver-intestine-cadherin (CDH17) in colon cancer cells.

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