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Constitutional design and 2014 senate election outcomes


A common observation about the 2014 Senate elections is that one advantage the Republicans had was that the set of states holding elections tilted Republican in partisanship. In this article, we quantify that advantage and demonstrate that the constitutional requirements of equality for state representation in the Senate plus the division of seats into three classes were critical elements in the Republicans' pickup of nine seats and retaking partisan control. Markedly less important was the national Republican partisan tide.

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