UC San Diego
Perception of sweetness and bitterness in different vehicles
- Author(s): Calvino, Amalia M
- García-Medina, María Rosa
- Cometto-Muniz, J. Enrique
- Rodríguez, Mónica B
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.3758/BF03211799
In the present study, we investigated taste-taste, taste-vehicle, and simultaneous taste-vehicle-taste mixtures. Subjects made estimates of the sweetness and bitterness of 27 stimuli. Sucrose (292, 585, and 1170 mM, caffeine (13, 26, and 52 mM), and binary mixtures of low (292-13 mM), middle (585-26) and high (1170-52 mM) Ievels of both components were dispersed in water, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) 1% w/v, and gelatin 6% w/v. The sweetness and bitterness of the sucrose-vehicle-caffeine combinations were significantly weaker than the respective sucrose-vehicle and caffeine-vehicle combinations. The emerged mutual suppressive effects were asymmetrical and persisted when both tastants were presented in CMC and gelatin. Moreover, the increase in vehicle consistency and the simultaneous addition of another taste reduced the perceived intensity of a taste either presented alone or dissolved in water. For both sweetness and bitterness, the total taste suppression observed was always significant.