Ribosomal RNA multigene loci: nomads of the Triticeae genomes.
Published Web Locationhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1206700/
The nucleolus organizing regions (NORs) on the short arms of chromosomes 1A(m) and 5A(m) of diploid wheat, Triticum monococcum L., are at the most distal loci in the linkage maps of these two chromosome arms. This distal location differs from the interstitial location of the Nor loci on chromosome arms 1BS of tetraploid Triticum turgidum L. and hexaploid T. aestivum L., 5DS of T. aestivum and diploid Ae. tauschii Coss., and 5HS of barley. Moreover, the barley 5HS locus is at a different location than the 5DS locus. However, other markers, including the centromeres, are colinear. These findings showed that the major Nor loci have repeatedly changed position in the chromosome arms during the radiation of species in the tribe Triticeae without rearrangements of the linkage groups. It is suggested that Nor loci may change position via dispersion of minor loci, that are shown here to exist in the T. monococcum genome, magnification of gene copy numbers in these minor loci, and subsequent deletion of the original major loci. Implications of these findings for the use of rRNA nucleotide sequences in phylogenetic reconstructions are pointed out.