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Outcomes of Psychoeducation and a Text Messaging Adherence Intervention Among Individuals With Hypertension and Bipolar Disorder.

Abstract

Objective

This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of psychoeducation plus an automated text messaging intervention (Individualized Texting for Adherence Building-Cardiovascular [iTAB-CV]) to improve adherence to antihypertensives and bipolar disorder medication.

Methods

After a psychoeducation program, iTAB-CV was administered for 2 months. In month 1, participants received one educational-motivational and one mood rating text daily. In month 2, medication reminders were added.

Results

The sample (N=38) was 74% African American and 53% women, with a mean±SD age of 51.53±9.06. Antihypertensive nonadherence decreased from a mean of 43%±23% to 21%±18% at 12 weeks (χ2=34.6, df=3, p<0.001). Systolic blood pressure decreased from a mean of 144.8±15.5 mmHg to 136.0±17.8 mmHg (χ2=17.6, df=3, p<.001). Retention was 100%.

Conclusions

In this uncontrolled trial, participants were highly engaged and medication adherence and reduced systolic blood pressure were sustained after psychoeducation plus iTAB-CV. Because iTAB-CV is automated and delivered remotely, it has the potential to reach a large and challenging population.

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