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Cell damage by UVA radiation of a mercury microscopy lamp probed by autofluorescence modifications, cloning assay, and comet assay

  • Author(s): König, KK
  • Krasieva, T
  • Bauer, E
  • Fiedler, U
  • Berns, MW
  • Tromberg, BJ
  • Greulich, KO
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

Cell damage by low-power 365-nm radiation of a 50-W high-pressure mercury microscopy lamp was studied. Exposure of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells to ultraviolet-A (UVA) radiation >10 kJ/m2 resulted in significant modifications of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) attributed autofluorescence and inhibition of cell division. Single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) revealed UVA-induced single-strand DNA breaks. According to these results, UVA excitation radiation in fluorescence microscopy may damage cells. This has to be considered in vital cell microscopy, e.g., in calcium measurements.

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