Ornithine decarboxylase activity associated with a particulate fraction of brain
- Author(s): Bondy, SC
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/BF00967743
The enzymic decarboxylation of ornithine by adult rat brain largely occurs in the particulate fraction. The activity is primarily due to ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) as evidenced by several criteria: i) the concurrent production of equimolar amounts of CO2and putrescine, ii) the sensitivity of the reaction to difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific inhibitor of ODC, iii) the lack of major effect of two inhibitors of ornithine-2-oxo-acid transaminase, upon the DFMO-sensitive component of decarboxylation, iv) the failure to profoundly reduce decarboxylation activity in the presence of a large excess of many aminoacids which could compete for non-specific decarboxylases. The insoluble ODC activity appears largely within synaptosomal and mitochondrial-enriched morphological fractions, yet cannot be attributed to trapped soluble ODC. Particulate ODC has a pH optimum and kinetic parameters that differ from those of soluble cerebral ODC. © 1986 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
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