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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Interplay between bulk and edge-bound topological defects in a square micromagnet

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A field-driven transformation of a domain pattern in a square micromagnet, defined in a thin film of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3, is discussed in terms of creation and annihilation of bulk vortices and edge-bound topological defects with half-integer winding numbers. The evolution of the domain pattern was mapped with soft x-ray photoemission electron microscopy and magnetic force microscopy. Micromagnetic modeling, permitting detailed analysis of the spin texture, accurately reproduces the measured domain state transformation. The simulations also helped stipulate the energy barriers associated with the creation and annihilation of the topological charges and thus to assess the stability of the domain states in this magnetic microstructure.

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