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StimDust: A 6.5mm3, Wireless Ultrasonic Peripheral Nerve Stimulator with 82% Peak Chip Efficiency


We present a 6.5mm3, 10mg, wireless peripheral nerve stimulator. The stimulator is powered and controlled through ultrasound from an external transducer and utilizes a single 750×750×750μm3 piezocrystal for downlink communication, powering, and readout, reducing implant volume and mass. An IC with 0.06mm2 active circuit area, designed in TSMC 65nm LPCMOS process, converts harvested ultrasound to stimulation charge with a peak efficiency of 82%. A custom wireless protocol that does not require a clock or memory circuits reduces on-chip power to 4μW when not stimulating. The encapsulated stimulator was cuffed to the sciatic nerve of an anesthetized rodent and demonstrated full-scale nerve activation in vivo. We achieve a highly efficient and temporally precise wireless peripheral nerve stimulator that is the smallest and lightest to our knowledge.

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