Research Grants Program Office (RGPO)
Flavor evolution of the neutronization neutrino burst from an O-Ne-Mg core-collapse supernova.
- Author(s): Duan, Huaiyu
- Fuller, George M
- Carlson, J
- Qian, Yong-Zhong
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.021101
We present results of 3-neutrino flavor evolution simulations for the neutronization burst from an O-Ne-Mg core-collapse supernova. We find that nonlinear neutrino self-coupling engineers a single spectral feature of stepwise conversion in the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy case and in the normal mass hierarchy case, a superposition of two such features corresponding to the vacuum neutrino mass-squared differences associated with solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations. These neutrino spectral features offer a unique potential probe of the conditions in the supernova environment and may allow us to distinguish between O-Ne-Mg and Fe core-collapse supernovae.