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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Insight into hepatocellular carcinoma biology with gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI.

  • Author(s): Kagen, Alexander
  • Fowler, Kathryn
  • Sirlin, Claude B
  • et al.

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The current algorithm for the imaging diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma accurately detects large, progressed tumors displaying the classical imaging features of arterial hyperenhancement with 'washout' and/or 'capsule' appearance. Liver MRI with the relatively newer hepatobiliary agent, gadoxetate disodium, provides information on hepatocellular function in addition to vascularity, facilitates detection of small progressed tumors, as well as early/vaguely nodular tumors, and shows promise for characterizing hepatocellular carcinoma biology. Prediction of tumor grade, presence of biliary and stem cell markers, microvascular invasion, future hypervascularization and post-treatment recurrence have all been studied with gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI with encouraging results. Incorporation of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI into standard diagnostic and management algorithms will likely unfold in the future.

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