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Aquaporin-3-mediated hydrogen peroxide transport is required for NF-κB signalling in keratinocytes and development of psoriasis


Aquaporin 3 (AQP3), a water/glycerol channel protein, has been found to transport hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Here, we show that H2O2, imported via AQP3, is involved in nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signalling in keratinocytes and in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. IL-23-mediated induction of psoriasis is reduced in AQP3 knockout mice (AQP3(-/-)), and is accompanied by impaired NF-κB activation and intracellular H2O2 accumulation. In primary keratinocyte cultures, cellular import of H2O2 produced by membrane NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) in response to TNF-α is facilitated by AQP3 and required for NF-κB activation by regulation of protein phosphatase 2A. As AQP3 associates with Nox2, we propose that this interplay constitutes H2O2-mediated signalling in response to TNF-α stimulation. Collectively, these data indicate that AQP3-facilitated H2O2 transport is required for NF-κB activation in keratinocytes in the development of psoriasis.

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