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Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen K-edge Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure Theory

  • Author(s): Minasian, Stefan G.
  • Keith, Jason M.
  • Batista, Enrique R.
  • Boland, Kevin S.
  • Bradley, Joseph A.
  • Daly, Scott R.
  • Kozimor, Stosh A.
  • Lukens, Wayne W.
  • Martin, Richard L.
  • Nordlund, Dennis
  • Seidler, Gerald T.
  • Shuh, David K.
  • Sokaras, Dimosthenis
  • Tyliszczak, Tolek
  • Wagner, Gregory L.
  • Weng, Tsu-Chein
  • Yang, Ping
  • et al.
Abstract

Advancing theories of how metal oxygen bonding influences metal oxo properties can expose new avenues for innovation in materials science, catalysis, and biochemistry. Historically, spectroscopic analyses of the transition metal peroxyanions, MO4x-, have formed the basis for new M O bonding theories. Herein, relative changes in M O orbital mixing in MO42- (M = Cr, Mo, W) and MO41- (M = Mn, Tc, Re) are evaluated for the first time by non-resonant inelastic X-ray scattering, X-ray absorption spectroscopy using fluorescence and transmission (via a scanning transmission X-ray microscope), and linear-response density functional theory. The results suggest that moving from Group 6 to Group 7 or down the triads increases M O e () mixing. Meanwhile, t2 mixing ( + ) remains relatively constant within the same Group. These unexpected changes in frontier orbital energy and composition are evaluated in terms of periodic trends in d orbital energy and radial extension.

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