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Coronary risk factor outcomes following coronary artery bypass surgery.

  • Author(s): Oldenburg, B
  • Pierce, J
  • Sicree, R
  • Ross, D
  • et al.
Abstract

The coronary risk factor status of patients prior to and following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has been poorly investigated. Two consecutive series of CABG patients were surveyed following CABG. One hundred and thirty patients were assessed immediately following CABG and 530 patients were assessed 12-30 months following CABG. For the long-term post-CABG group, over 80% of those who had ever smoked had ceased. Sixty-four per cent of these males and 50% of females were classified as being overweight. Twenty-five per cent of males and 34% of females reportedly had high serum cholesterol (i.e. greater than or equal to 6.5 mmol/L). Comparing these CABG data with age-adjusted National Heart Foundation Risk Factor Prevalence Survey data, there was a higher prevalence of ex-smokers, overweight, hypertension, and elevated cholesterol. It was concluded that on most coronary risk factors, except for smoking, these CABG patients had a worse profile than the general Australian community. This problem warrants further research and the development of appropriate treatment programs.

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