Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Mollusks


Mollusks exhibit several forms of memory that are commonly observed in higher invertebrates and vertebrate species. These animals provide powerful experimental systems for examining the cellular and molecular mechanisms of memory, because observations at the behavioral level can often be linked directly to cellular and molecular changes in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we focus on three molluskan species that have made significant contributions to our understanding of mechanisms of learning and memory: Aplysia, Hermissenda, and Lymnaea. While each species exhibits diverse forms of memory in different response systems, striking similarities emerge in the molecular mechanisms that are engaged in memory formation. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View