Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Theory and computation of hot carriers generated by surface plasmon polaritons in noble metals.

  • Author(s): Bernardi, Marco
  • Mustafa, Jamal
  • Neaton, Jeffrey B
  • Louie, Steven G
  • et al.
Abstract

Hot carriers (HC) generated by surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in noble metals are promising for application in optoelectronics, plasmonics and renewable energy. However, existing models fail to explain key quantitative details of SPP-to-HC conversion experiments. Here we develop a quantum mechanical framework and apply first-principles calculations to study the energy distribution and scattering processes of HCs generated by SPPs in Au and Ag. We find that the relative positions of the s and d bands of noble metals regulate the energy distribution and mean free path of the HCs, and that the electron-phonon interaction controls HC energy loss and transport. Our results prescribe optimal conditions for HC generation and extraction, and invalidate previously employed free-electron-like models. Our work combines density functional theory, GW and electron-phonon calculations to provide microscopic insight into HC generation and ultrafast dynamics in noble metals.

Main Content
Current View