Hypertension, antihypertensive medication use, and breast cancer risk in the California Teachers Study cohort
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Hypertension, antihypertensive medication use, and breast cancer risk in the California Teachers Study cohort

  • Author(s): Largent, Joan A.
  • Bernstein, Leslie
  • Horn-Ross, Pamela L.
  • Marshall, Sarah F.
  • Neuhausen, Susan
  • Reynolds, Peggy
  • Ursin, Giske
  • Zell, Jason A.
  • Ziogas, Argyrios
  • Anton-Culver, Hoda
  • et al.
Abstract

We investigated the association between hypertension, antihypertensive (AH) medication use, and breast cancer in a large prospective study, the California Teachers Study (CTS). Information on history of hypertension and lifetime regular use of AH medications was collected from 114,549 women in 1995–1996. Among them, 4,151 invasive breast cancers were diagnosed between 1995 and 2006. Additional information on AH use was collected from 73,742 women in 2000–2001, and 1,714 of these women were subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for breast cancer. Use of AH medication for ≥5 years, when compared with no use, was associated with a modest increased risk of invasive breast cancer (RR = 1.18, 95%CI 1.02–1.36). This increased risk appeared to be confined to estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors (RR = 1.21, 95%CI 1.03–1.43) and pre-/peri-menopausal women (RR = 1.58, 95%CI 1.11–2.25). Increased risk of invasive breast cancer was observed for long-term (≥5 years) AH use, and this appeared to be confined to ER + breast cancer and younger women.

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