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Impact of Baseline BMI upon the Success of Latina Participants Enrolled in a 6-Month Physical Activity Intervention.

  • Author(s): Hartman, Sheri J
  • Dunsiger, Shira I
  • Pekmezi, Dori W
  • Barbera, Brooke
  • Neighbors, Charles J
  • Marquez, Becky
  • Marcus, Bess H
  • et al.
Abstract

High rates of obesity in Latinas highlight the need to determine if physical activity interventions are equally effective across the body mass index (BMI) range. Thus, this study assessed how BMI impacts success of Spanish-speaking Latinas in a culturally and linguistically adapted theory-based physical activity intervention (N = 45). Longitudinal regression models tested the relationship between baseline BMI and outcomes. Overall, a trend for a negative association was found between baseline BMI and self-reported physical activity and theoretical constructs targeted by the intervention over time. For example, someone with a 25 kg/m(2) BMI would report, on average, 27.5 more minutes/week of activity compared to someone with a 30 kg/m(2) BMI at followup. Furthermore, higher baseline BMI was significantly associated with lower self-efficacy, behavioral and cognitive processes of change, and family social support over time. These findings suggest that participants with higher BMI may need additional intervention to promote physical activity.

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