Evaluation of disseminated tumor cells and circulating tumor cells in patients with breast cancer receiving adjuvant zoledronic acid.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41523-021-00323-8
We evaluated disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with stage I-III breast cancer with >4 MM/mL DTC at baseline who received adjuvant zoledronic acid (ZOL). ZOL was administered every 4 weeks for 24 months, and patients underwent bone marrow aspiration at baseline, and 12 and 24 months of ZOL. Complete DTC response (<4 DTC/mL), serial CTCs, survival, recurrence, and toxicity were determined. Forty-five patients received ZOL. Median baseline DTC was 13.3/mL. Significant reduction in median DTC occurred from baseline to 12 months, and 24 months. Complete DTC response was seen in 32% at 12 months, and 26% at 24 months. Nine patients developed recurrence. Baseline DTC > 30/mL and CTC > 0.8/mL were significantly associated with recurrence and death. Serial reduction in DTCs occurred. Higher baseline DTC > 30/mL and CTC > 0.8/mL correlated with recurrence and death.