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Centrality dependence of dihadron correlations and azimuthal anisotropy harmonics in PbPb collisions at √SNN = 2.76 Tev


Measurements from the CMS experiment at the LHC of dihadron correlations for charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 2. 76 TeV are presented. The results are reported as a function of the particle transverse momenta (pT) and collision centrality over a broad range in relative pseudorapidity (Δη) and the full range of relative azimuthal angle (Δφ). The observed two-dimensional correlation structure in Δη and Δφ is characterised by a narrow peak at (Δη,Δφ)≈(0,0) from jet-like correlations and a long-range structure that persists up to at least {pipe}Δη{pipe}=4. An enhancement of the magnitude of the short-range jet peak is observed with increasing centrality, especially for particles of pT around 1-2 GeV/c. The long-range azimuthal dihadron correlations are extensively studied using a Fourier decomposition analysis. The extracted Fourier coefficients are found to factorise into a product of single-particle azimuthal anisotropies up to pT≈3-3. 5 GeV/c for at least one particle from each pair, except for the second-order harmonics in the most central PbPb events. Various orders of the single-particle azimuthal anisotropy harmonics are extracted for associated particle pT of 1-3 GeV/c, as a function of the trigger particle pT up to 20 GeV/c and over the full centrality range. © 2012 CERN for the benefit of the CMS collaboration.

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