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Dual antivascular function of human fibulin-3 variant, a potential new drug discovery strategy for glioblastoma.

  • Author(s): Ke, Chao
  • Luo, Jun-Ran
  • Cen, Zi-Wen
  • Li, Yanyan
  • Cai, Hai-Ping
  • Wang, Jing
  • Chen, Fu-Rong
  • Siegel, Eric R
  • Le, Kody N
  • Winokan, Jesica R
  • Gibson, Grace J
  • McSwain, Asia E
  • Afrasiabi, Kambiz
  • Linskey, Mark E
  • Zhou, You-Xin
  • Chen, Zhong-Ping
  • Zhou, Yi-Hong
  • et al.

Published Web Location

The ECM protein EFEMP1 (fibulin-3) is associated with all types of solid tumor through its cell context-dependent dual function. A variant of fibulin-3 was engineered by truncation and mutation to alleviate its oncogenic function, specifically the proinvasive role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells at stem-like state. ZR30 is an in vitro synthesized 39-kDa protein of human fibulin-3 variant. It has a therapeutic effect in intracranial xenograft models of human GBM, through suppression of epidermal growth factor receptor/AKT and NOTCH1/AKT signaling in GBM cells and extracellular MMP2 activation. Glioblastoma multiforme is highly vascular, with leaky blood vessels formed by tumor cells expressing endothelial cell markers, including CD31. Here we studied GBM intracranial xenografts, 2 weeks after intratumoral injection of ZR30 or PBS, by CD31 immunohistochemistry. We found a 70% reduction of blood vessel density in ZR30-treated xenografts compared with that of PBS-treated ones. Matrigel plug assays showed the effect of ZR30 on suppressing angiogenesis. We further studied the effect of ZR30 on genes involved in endothelial transdifferentiation (ETD), in 7 primary cultures derived from 3 GBMs under different culture conditions. Two GBM cultures formed mesh structures with upregulation of ETD genes shortly after culture in Matrigel Matrix, and ZR30 suppressed both. ZR30 also downregulated ETD genes in two GBM cultures with high expression of these genes. In conclusion, multifaceted tumor suppression effects of human fibulin-3 variant include both suppression of angiogenesis and vasculogenic mimicry in GBM.

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