University of California Transportation Center
A Knowledge- Based Decision Support Architecture for Advanced Traffic Management
- Author(s): Ritchie, Stephen G.
- et al.
Fundamental to the operation of most currently envisioned Intelligent Vehicle-Roadway System (IVRS) projects are advanced systems for surveillance, control and management of integrated freeway and arterial networks. A major concern in the development of such Smart Roads, and the focus of this paper, is the provision of decision support for traffic management center personnel, particularly for addressing nonrecurring congestion in large or complex networks. Decision support for control room staff is necessary to effectively detect, verify and develop response strategies for traffic incidents. The purpose of this paper is to suggest a novel artificial intelligence-based solution approach to the problem of providing operator decision support in integrated freeway and arterial traffic management systems, as part of a more general IVRS. A conceptual design is presented that is based on multiple real-time knowledge-based expert systems (KBES) integrated by a distributed blackboard problem-solving architecture. The paper expands on the notions of artificial intelligence and Smart Roads, and in particular the role, characteristics and requirements of KBES for real-time decision support. The overall concept of a decision support architecture is discussed and the blackboard approach is defined. A conceptual design for the proposed distributed blackboard architecture is presented, and discussed in terms of the component KBES functions at an areawide level, as well as at the subnetwork or individual traffic control center level.