The PAG gene product, a stress-induced protein with antioxidant properties, is an Abl SH3-binding protein and a physiological inhibitor of c-Abl tyrosine kinase activity.
- Author(s): Wen, S T
- Van Etten, R A
- et al.
Biochemical and genetic evidence suggests that the tyrosine kinase activity of c-Abl is tightly regulated in vivo by a cellular factor binding to the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of Abl. We used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify a gene, PAG, whose protein product (Pag) interacts specifically with the Abl SH3 domain. Pag, also known as macrophage 23-kD stress protein (MSP23), is a member of a novel family of proteins with antioxidant activity implicated in the cellular response to oxidative stress and in control of cell proliferation and differentiation. In a co-expression assay, Pag associates with c-Abl in vivo and inhibits tyrosine phosphorylation induced by overexpression of c-Abl. Inhibition requires the Abl SH3 and kinase domains and is not observed with other Abl SH3-binding proteins. Expression of Pag also inhibits the in vitro kinase activity of c-Abl, but not SH3-mutated Abl or v-Abl. When transfected in NIH-3T3 cells, Pag is localized to nucleus and cytoplasm and rescues the cytostatic effect induced by c-Abl. These observations suggest Pag is a physiological inhibitor of c-Abl in vivo.
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