Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

A high dose of ionizing radiation induces tissue-specific activation of nuclear factor-kappaB in vivo.

  • Author(s): Zhou, D
  • Brown, S A
  • Yu, T
  • Chen, G
  • Barve, S
  • Kang, B C
  • Thompson, J S
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10360790/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is one of the important responses of cells to an external stress such as ionizing radiation. We studied radiation-induced NF-kappaB activation in vivo in male BALB/c mice. After the mice were exposed to 8.5 Gy total-body gamma irradiation, the spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes, thymus, liver, lung, colon, brain and bone marrow were harvested 1, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 h postirradiation. NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity was analyzed in the nuclear protein extracts by a gel shift assay. When compared to the levels in untreated control mice, radiation induced activation of NF-kappaB in spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and bone marrow but not in the other tissues examined. In contrast, an i.p. injection of a lethal dose (3 mg/kg) of lipopolysaccharide also increased activity of NF-kappaB in the liver and lung. The gel supershift assay with Nfkb1, Rela and/or Rel antibodies revealed that the specific molecular forms of NF-kappaB activated by radiation in the spleen were Nfkb1 homodimers and Nfkb1/Rela heterodimers. In mesenteric lymph nodes, the heterodimerized Rel/Rela NF-kappaB was also activated. In bone marrow, an NF-kappaB-like binding factor was induced that may be Nfkb1/Rela- and Rel/Rela-like heterodimers, but it exhibited a higher mobility than Nfkb1 homodimers. These results indicate that in vivo, ionizing radiation induces NF-kappaB activation that varies in both tissue distribution and moleoular composition.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item