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Sound Transmission-Based Elastography Imaging

  • Author(s): Liu, D
  • Hu, Z
  • Wang, G
  • Sun, L
  • et al.

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Elastography is of great interest in biomechanics and medical imaging due to its nondestructive capability of mapping elasticity of tissues. The elastography framework relies on external excitations which actuate deformation inside an object. The internal response is then acquired and analyzed to map the distribution of elastic moduli. In this paper, with no need of measuring any internal responses, an integrated elastography method is developed which only requires the transmitted responses of applied sound waves. During the process, the tomography image (e.g., CT or MRI) and the applied waves are integrated into a computational model. Following a procedure of inverse analysis, the elasticity of all phases in the object is reconstructed when the computational transmission of waves matches with the measured transmission. The numerical simulation on brain tissues and a demonstration on silicon rubber phantom are conducted to validate the proposed method. Both cases demonstrate that the integrated method successfully predicts the real elasticity of samples. The verification measurements on the phantom further show that the predicted elastic moduli agree well with the experimental results of uniaxial compression testing.

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