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Induction of cell retraction by the combined actions of Abl-CrkII and Rho-ROCK1 signaling.

  • Author(s): Huang, XiaoDong
  • Wu, Diana
  • Jin, Hua
  • Stupack, Dwayne
  • Wang, Jean YJ
  • et al.

Dynamic modulation of cell adhesion is integral to a wide range of biological processes. The small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rap1 is an important regulator of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions. We show here that induced expression of activated Abl tyrosine kinase reduces Rap1-GTP levels through phosphorylation of Tyr221 of CrkII, which disrupts interaction of CrkII with C3G, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rap1. Abl-dependent down-regulation of Rap1-GTP causes cell rounding and detachment only when the Rho-ROCK1 pathway is also activated, for example, by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). During ephrin-A1-induced retraction of PC3 prostate cancer cells, we show that endogenous Abl is activated and disrupts the CrkII-C3G complex to reduce Rap1-GTP. Interestingly, ephrin-A1-induced PC3 cell retraction also requires LPA, which stimulates Rho to a much higher level than that is activated by ephrin-A1. Our results establish Rap1 as another downstream target of the Abl-CrkII signaling module and show that Abl-CrkII collaborates with Rho-ROCK1 to stimulate cell retraction.

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