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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Pre-Existing and New-Onset Depression and Anxiety Among Workers With Injury or Illness Work Leaves.

  • Author(s): Gaspar, Fraser W
  • Jolivet, Daniel N
  • Wizner, Kerri
  • Schott, Fred
  • Dewa, Carolyn S
  • et al.

OBJECTIVES:To examine the influence of depression and/or anxiety on work leaves and the impact of work leaves on experiencing a new-onset depression and/or anxiety disorder. METHODS:IBM's MarketScan® research databases were linked to investigate depressive and anxiety disorders in workers with a work leave due to an injury or non-mental health illness (n = 467,930) and without a work leave (n = 2,764,447). RESULTS:The odds of a work leave within a year were 2.10 times higher (95%CI: 2.08-2.13) in individuals with depression and/or anxiety compared to those without. The odds of developing a new-onset depression and/or anxiety within a year was 4.21 times higher (95% CI: 4.14-4.27) in individuals with a work leave compared to those without. CONCLUSION:Depression and anxiety are both risk factors for and subsequent outcomes of injuries or illnesses that require a work leave.

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