PEARL: Pharmacy Education Applied to Resident Learners
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Open Access Publications from the University of California

PEARL: Pharmacy Education Applied to Resident Learners


Introduction: Emergency medicine residents typically train with the support of emergency medicine pharmacists (EMP), but many EM residents will practice in post-graduation settings without EMP assistance. Therefore, a novel pharmacy curriculum for postgraduate year-1 (PGY-1) EMRs was developed, implemented, and assessed. 

Methods: We performed a controlled study of 25 residents from two separate EM programs in Detroit, MI. One program was the control group and the other program was the intervention group. The primary outcome was pre- and post-curriculum knowledge assessment scores, and the secondary outcome was pre- and post-curriculum, self-perceived knowledge survey responses. We performed statistical analyses with Welch’s t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test.

Results: The pre-curriculum assessment scores (41% ± 11; 41% ± 8.1; P = 0.96; mean ± SD) and average pre-curriculum survey responses (2.8 ± 0.92; 3.0 ± 0.60; P = 0.35) were not statistically different between the control and the intervention groups. The post-curriculum assessment scores (63% ± 14; 74% ± 8.3; P = 0.04) and the average post-curriculum survey responses (4.2 ± 0.61; 5.0 ± 0.74, P = 0.02) were statistically different. The increase from the pre- to post-curriculum assessment scores (24% ± 11; 33% ± 11; P = 0.05) was also significantly different. 

Conclusion: The implementation of a novel pharmacy curriculum for PGY-1 EM residents resulted in improved knowledge of and comfort with pharmaceuticals and therapeutics specific to EM practice. The impact on patient care and frequency of medical errors requires further investigation.

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