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Applications of one-cycle control to improve the interconnection of a solid oxide fuel cell and electric power system with a dynamic load

  • Author(s): Auld, AE
  • Mueller, F
  • Smedley, KM
  • Samuelsen, S
  • Brouwer, J
  • et al.
Abstract

Adding distributed generation (DG) is a desirable strategy for providing highly efficient and environmentally benign services for electric power, heating, and cooling. The interface between a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), typical loads, and the electrical grid is simulated in Matlab/Simulink and analyzed to assess the interactions between DG and the electrical grid. A commercial building load profile is measured during both steady-state and transient conditions. The load data are combined with the following models that are designed to account for physical features: a One-Cycle Control grid-connected inverter, a One-Cycle Control active power filter, an SOFC, and capacitor storage. High penetration of DG without any power filter increases the percentage of undesirable harmonics provided by the grid, but combined use of an inverter and active power filter allows the DG system interconnection to improve the grid tie-line flow by lowering total harmonic distortion and increasing the power factor to unity. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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