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Sporulation of Bremia lactucae affected by temperature, relative humidity, and wind in controlled conditions


The effects of temperature (5 to 25degreesC), relative humidity (81 to 100%), wind speed (0 to 1.0 in s(-1)), and their interactions on sporulation of Bremia lactucae on lettuce cotyledons were investigated in controlled conditions. Sporulation was affected significantly (P 0.5 in s(-1), regardless of RH. In still air, the number of sporangiophores produced per cotyledon increased linearly with RH from 81 to 100% (P = 0.0001, r = 0.98). Histological observations indicated that sporulation may be affected by stomatal aperture in response to RH, as more closed stomata and correspondingly fewer sporangiophores were present at lower RE. These results are important for understanding the mechanism of RE effects on sporulation and for predicting conditions conducive to downy mildew development.

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