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Impact of biannual mass azithromycin treatment on enteropathogen carriage in children younger than 5 years in Niger


We analyzed samples obtained at baseline and 24 months in a mass azithromycin administration trial in Niger using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In villages randomized to azithromycin, Shigella was the only pathogen reduced at 24 months (prevalence ratio, 0.36 [95% confidence interval: .17-.79]; difference in log quantity, -.42 [-.75 to -.10]).

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