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Mapping breast cancer blood flow index, composition, and metabolism in a human subject using combined diffuse optical spectroscopic imaging and diffuse correlation spectroscopy


Diffuse optical spectroscopic imaging (DOSI) and diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) are model-based near-infrared (NIR) methods that measure tissue optical properties (broadband absorption, ? a , and reduced scattering, ? s ? ) and blood flow (blood flow index, BFI), respectively. DOSI-derived ? a values are used to determine composition by calculating the tissue concentration of oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin ( HbO 2 , HbR), water, and lipid. We developed and evaluated a combined, coregistered DOSI/DCS handheld probe for mapping and imaging these parameters. We show that uncertainties of 0.3 ?? mm ? 1 (37%) in ? s ? and 0.003 ?? mm ? 1 (33%) in ? a lead to ? 53 % and 9% errors in BFI, respectively. DOSI/DCS imaging of a solid tissue-simulating flow phantom and

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