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Systems Genetics Approach Identifies Gene Pathways and Adamts2 as Drivers of Isoproterenol-Induced Cardiac Hypertrophy and Cardiomyopathy in Mice.

  • Author(s): Rau, Christoph D
  • Romay, Milagros C
  • Tuteryan, Mary
  • Wang, Jessica J-C
  • Santolini, Marc
  • Ren, Shuxun
  • Karma, Alain
  • Weiss, James N
  • Wang, Yibin
  • Lusis, Aldons J
  • et al.
Abstract

We previously reported a genetic analysis of heart failure traits in a population of inbred mouse strains treated with isoproterenol to mimic catecholamine-driven cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we apply a co-expression network algorithm, wMICA, to perform a systems-level analysis of left ventricular transcriptomes from these mice. We describe the features of the overall network but focus on a module identified in treated hearts that is strongly related to cardiac hypertrophy and pathological remodeling. Using the causal modeling algorithm NEO, we identified the gene Adamts2 as a putative regulator of this module and validated the predictive value of NEO using small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Adamts2 silencing regulated the expression of the genes residing within the module and impaired isoproterenol-induced cellular hypertrophy. Our results provide a view of higher order interactions in heart failure with potential for diagnostic and therapeutic insights.

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