Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

Developmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls influences stroke outcome in adult rats.

  • Author(s): Dziennis, Suzan;
  • Yang, Dongren;
  • Cheng, Jian;
  • Anderson, Kim A;
  • Alkayed, Nabil J;
  • Hurn, Patricia D;
  • Lein, Pamela J
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10828
Abstract

Background

The "developmental origins of adult disease" hypothesis was originally derived from evidence linking low birth weight to cardiovascular diseases including stroke. Subsequently, it has been expanded to include developmental exposures to environmental contaminants as risk factors for adult onset disease.

Objective

Our goal in this study was to test the hypothesis that developmental exposure to poly-chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) alters stroke outcome in adults.

Methods

We exposed rats to the PCB mixture Aroclor 1254 (A1254) at 0.1 or 1 mg/kg/day in the maternal diet throughout gestation and lactation. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced at 6-8 weeks of age via middle cerebral artery occlusion, and infarct size was measured in the cerebral cortex and striatum at 22 hr of reperfusion. PCB congeners were quantified in brain tissue by gas chromatography with microelectron capture detection, and cortical and striatal expression of Bcl2 and Cyp2C11 were quantified by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.

Results

Developmental exposure to A1254 significantly decreased striatal infarct in females and males at 0.1 and 1 mg/kg/day, respectively. Predominantly ortho-substituted PCB congeners were detected above background levels in brains of adult females and males exposed to A1254 at 1 but not 0.1 mg/kg/day. Effects of developmental A1254 exposure on Bcl2 and Cyp2C11 expression did not correlate with effects on infarct volume.

Conclusion

Our data provide proof of principle that developmental exposures to environmental contaminants influence the response of the adult brain to ischemic injury and thus represent potentially important determinants of stroke susceptibility.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View