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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Revealing exciton masses and dielectric properties of monolayer semiconductors with high magnetic fields.


In semiconductor physics, many essential optoelectronic material parameters can be experimentally revealed via optical spectroscopy in sufficiently large magnetic fields. For monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenide semiconductors, this field scale is substantial-tens of teslas or more-due to heavy carrier masses and huge exciton binding energies. Here we report absorption spectroscopy of monolayer [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text] in very high magnetic fields to 91 T. We follow the diamagnetic shifts and valley Zeeman splittings of not only the exciton's [Formula: see text] ground state but also its excited [Formula: see text] Rydberg states. This provides a direct experimental measure of the effective (reduced) exciton masses and dielectric properties. Exciton binding energies, exciton radii, and free-particle bandgaps are also determined. The measured exciton masses are heavier than theoretically predicted, especially for Mo-based monolayers. These results provide essential and quantitative parameters for the rational design of opto-electronic van der Waals heterostructures incorporating 2D semiconductors.

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