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Cardiovascular Disease Mortality of Medicaid Clients with Severe Mental Illness and a Co-occurring Substance Use Disorder

  • Author(s): Bruckner, TA
  • Yoon, J
  • Gonzales, M
  • et al.
Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Increasing attention focuses on cardiovascular disease (CVD) among persons with SMI. We examined, among persons with SMI, whether co-occurring substance use disorder (SUD) elevates the risk of CVD death. We linked 2002–2007 Medicaid claims data on 121,817 persons with SMI to cause and date of death information. We applied a proportional hazards model that controls for co-morbidity at baseline, atypical antipsychotic prescription medications, age, gender and race/ethnicity. Results among persons with co-occurring SUD indicate a 24 % increased risk of CVD death (hazard ratio 1.24; 95 % confidence interval 1.17–1.33). We encourage further coordination of services for this population.

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