Water Effectiveness and Targeting: Insights from a Geospatial Dataset on Uganda Water Projects
- Author(s): Berger, David Richard
- Advisor(s): Miguel, Edward
- et al.
Developing countries have long relied on foreign aid and international NGOs to provide
supplemental public goods such as communal drinking water points. Exploiting
a geospatial dataset of water projects in Uganda, I consider both eectiveness and
targeting of projects. To evaluate eectiveness as practiced at scale, I use a retrospective
design that links placement of water projects with Demographic and
Health Survey (DHS) clusters, nding that over a ve year span, protected sources
produce statistically signicant improvement of weight-for-age, height-for-age, fever,
and hemoglobin levels, but not of weight-for-height and diarrhea. In exploring poverty
targeting, I link water data with spatial poverty data and argue for a relative
targeting measure that compares dierent entity types to one another in terms of
how progressive their allocation of projects is. Finally, I use a similar procedure to
analyze placement in terms of its correlation with election outcomes.