An Effective Neurofeedback Intervention to Improve Social Interactions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
- Author(s): Friedrich, Elisabeth VC;
- Sivanathan, Aparajithan;
- Lim, Theodore;
- Suttie, Neil;
- Louchart, Sandy;
- Pillen, Steven;
- Pineda, Jaime A
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2523-5
Neurofeedback training (NFT) approaches were investigated to improve behavior, cognition and emotion regulation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirteen children with ASD completed pre-/post-assessments and 16 NFT-sessions. The NFT was based on a game that encouraged social interactions and provided feedback based on imitation and emotional responsiveness. Bidirectional training of EEG mu suppression and enhancement (8-12 Hz over somatosensory cortex) was compared to the standard method of enhancing mu. Children learned to control mu rhythm with both methods and showed improvements in (1) electrophysiology: increased mu suppression, (2) emotional responsiveness: improved emotion recognition and spontaneous imitation, and (3) behavior: significantly better behavior in every-day life. Thus, these NFT paradigms improve aspects of behavior necessary for successful social interactions.