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The Management of Autoimmune Hepatitis Patients with Decompensated Cirrhosis: Real-World Experience and a Comprehensive Review.

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There is a paucity of information related to the usefulness of corticosteroid therapy in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) with decompensated cirrhosis. In this study, we sought to determine the therapeutic effect of corticosteroids in this special group of AIH patients. Eighty-two AIH patients with decompensated cirrhosis were included through a retrospective analysis from January 2009 to September 2015. Sixty-four patients were treated with corticosteroids while 18 patients did not receive any corticosteroids. Clinical, laboratory, and histological characteristics and outcomes were analyzed comparing corticosteroid-treated and untreated groups. Patients that did not receive corticosteroids were older than corticosteroid-treated patients and had a worse survival. In corticosteroid-treated group, 40 of 64 patients reverted to compensated state and 15 patients remained decompensated, while 9 patients experienced liver-related death or transplantation. Patients who reverted to compensated state had significantly greater ALT, AST, GGT, white blood cell count, and platelet levels at presentation. Changes (Δ) in total bilirubin (TBIL) and MELD scores at day 7 after starting corticosteroid therapy revealed favorable predictive effects of treatment outcomes. Survival was significantly greater in patients with a ΔTBIL <-0.196 mg/dL (p = 0.001) 7 days after treatment. Infection was the most common cause of death or transplantation in the patients with treatment failure. Although it cannot be determined whether the results were due to the therapy or underlying patient characteristics, survival was greater in the corticosteroid-treated group with the benefit being greatest in patients with the greatest decrease in TBIL at day 7 after starting corticosteroid therapy.

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