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Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Among Adults with Arthritis - United States, 2015-2017

  • Author(s): Guglielmo, Dana
  • Hootman, Ennifer M
  • Boring, Michael A
  • Murphy, Louise B
  • Theis, Kristina A
  • Croft, Janet B
  • Barbour, Kamil E
  • Katz, Patricia P
  • Helmick, Charles G
  • et al.
Abstract

An estimated 54.4 million (22.7%25) U.S. adults have doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). A report in 2012 found that, among adults aged ≥45 years with arthritis, approximately one third reported having anxiety or depression, with anxiety more common than depression (2). Studies examining mental health conditions in adults with arthritis have focused largely on depression, arthritis subtypes, and middle-aged and older adults, or have not been nationally representative (3). To address these knowledge gaps, CDC analyzed 2015-2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data* to estimate the national prevalence of clinically relevant symptoms of anxiety and depression among adults aged ≥18 years with arthritis. Among adults with arthritis, age-standardized prevalences of symptoms of anxiety and depression were 22.5%25 and 12.1%25, respectively, compared with 10.7%25 and 4.7%25 among adults without arthritis. Successful treatment approaches to address anxiety and depression among adults with arthritis are multifaceted and include screenings, referrals to mental health professionals, and evidence-based strategies such as regular physical activity and participation in self-management education to improve mental health.

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