Monocytes engineered with iSNAP inhibit human B‐lymphoma progression
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1002/btm2.10285
Monocytes are important regulators for the maintenance of homeostasis in innate and adaptive immune system and have been reported to play important role in cancer progression. CD47-SIRPα recognition is a coinhibitory immune signal to inhibit phagocytosis in monocytes and macrophages and has been well-known as the "Don't eat me" signal. By using an approach of integrated sensing and activating proteins (iSNAPs), we have rewired the CD47-SIRPα axis to create iSNAP-M which activates pathways in engineered human monocytes (iSNAP-MC). The mRNA expression levels of the monocyte/macrophage markers CD11b, CD14, and CD31 are upregulated in iSNAP-monocytes (iSNAP-MC). With PMA induction, the iSNAP-MC-derived macrophages (iSNAP-MΦ) showed upregelation in CD86 and CD80, but not CD206. TNFα expression and secretion were also increased in iSNAP-MΦ. Furthermore, the injection of iSNAP-MC into mice bearing human B-lymphoma tumors led to the suppression of tumor progression. Therefore, the engineered monocytes, via blockage of coinhibitory immune signals by rewiring CD47-SIRPα axis, can be applied to suppress target tumors for cancer immunotherapy.