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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Multifunctional Microelectro-Opto-mechanical Platform Based on Phase-Transition Materials.

  • Author(s): Wang, Xi
  • Dong, Kaichen
  • Choe, Hwan Sung
  • Liu, Huili
  • Lou, Shuai
  • Tom, Kyle B
  • Bechtel, Hans A
  • You, Zheng
  • Wu, Junqiao
  • Yao, Jie
  • et al.

Along with the rapid development of hybrid electronic-photonic systems, multifunctional devices with dynamic responses have been widely investigated for improving many optoelectronic applications. For years, microelectro-opto-mechanical systems (MEOMS), one of the major approaches to realizing multifunctionality, have demonstrated profound reconfigurability and great reliability. However, modern MEOMS still suffer from limitations in modulation depth, actuation voltage, or miniaturization. Here, we demonstrate a new MEOMS multifunctional platform with greater than 50% optical modulation depth over a broad wavelength range. This platform is realized by a specially designed cantilever array, with each cantilever consisting of vanadium dioxide, chromium, and gold nanolayers. The abrupt structural phase transition of the embedded vanadium dioxide enables the reconfigurability of the platform. Diverse stimuli, such as temperature variation or electric current, can be utilized to control the platform, promising CMOS-compatible operating voltage. Multiple functionalities, including an active enhanced absorber and a reprogrammable electro-optic logic gate, are experimentally demonstrated to address the versatile applications of the MEOMS platform in fields such as communication, energy harvesting, and optical computing.

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