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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Exploring the preferences of a culturally congruent, peer-based HIV prevention intervention for black men who have sex with men.

  • Author(s): Dangerfield Ii, Derek T
  • Harawa, Nina T
  • McWells, Charles
  • Hilliard, Charles
  • Bluthenthal, Ricky N
  • et al.

Published Web Location

Background HIV testing, treatment initiation and treatment adherence have been emphasised for Black men who have sex with men (BMSM). However, many BMSM do not get tested, obtain HIV treatment or adhere to treatment. It is essential to highlight barriers to HIV testing, treatment adherence and the ideal components for an intervention: peer mentors, socioeconomic resources and participant incentives.


Five focus groups (n=24) were conducted among HIV-negative and HIV-positive BMSM aged ≥18 years in Los Angeles, California, USA to explore motivations and barriers to testing and treatment and the components of an ideal, culturally competent HIV testing intervention for BMSM.


Barriers to HIV testing included fear and stigma associated with discovering a HIV-positive status and drug use. Motivations for testing included experiencing symptoms, beginning new relationships, perceptions of risk and peer mentors.


Future HIV prevention and treatment efforts should consider these components to improve health outcomes among BMSM.

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