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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Transverse momentum resummation for t -channel single top quark production at the LHC

  • Author(s): Cao, QH
  • Sun, P
  • Yan, B
  • Yuan, CP
  • Yuan, F
  • et al.

© 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. We study the effect of multiple soft gluon radiation on the kinematical distributions of the t-channel single top quark production at the LHC. By applying the transverse momentum-dependent factorization formalism, large logarithms (of the ratio of large invariant mass Q and small total transverse momentum q of the single-top plus one-jet final state system) are resummed to all orders in the expansion of the strong interaction coupling at the accuracy of the next-to-leading logarithm, including the complete next-to-leading-order corrections. We show that the main difference from PYTHIA prediction lies in the inclusion of the exact color coherence effect between the initial and final states in our resummation calculation, which becomes more important when the final state jet is required to be in the forward region. We further propose to apply the experimental observable φ∗, similar to the one used in analyzing precision Drell-Yan data, to test the effect of multiple gluon radiation in the single-top events. The effect of the bottom quark mass is also discussed.

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